Plato’s Republic, Book IV: The Cardinal Virtues

Book IV ends the conversation "pertaining to the gods" between Socrates and Glaucon. It begins with an interruption by Adeimantus, who has thus far been remote from the conversation. His accusation against Socrates is that the men will lead unhappy lives. The communistic life, as described at the end of Book III, does not allow … Continue reading Plato’s Republic, Book IV: The Cardinal Virtues

Plato’s Republic Book II (Part II): The City in Speech

In the second half of Book II, Socrates is put on trial, reluctantly defending justice against the false accusations of the Athenian brothers, Glaucon and Adeimantus. He suggests they examine the question of justice in a larger way, not like men who are squinting at small letters from a distance. Socrates proposes that they watch … Continue reading Plato’s Republic Book II (Part II): The City in Speech