Notorious (1946) Director: Alfred Hitchcock There are two films that defined the career of Ingrid Bergman: Casablanca (1940) and Notorious (1946). In some ways, Notorious, is a natural introduction to Hitchcock's later classic spy thriller, North By Northwest.  The film's title refers to the "notorious" reputation of Alicia Huberman (Bergman) whose father is a convicted Nazi spy at the outset. … Continue reading Notorious

Arrowsmith: A Pulitzer Controversy and A Satire of American Medicine

Arrowsmith takes place within the same universe as Sinclair Lewis's other memorable novels. The main character, Martin, hails from the same fictional Midwestern state of Winnemac (also found in Babbit, Elmer Gantry, and Dodsworth). The book follows the story of Dr. Martin Arrowsmith in his rise from a struggling medical student, to a successful practicing doctor. His lifelong … Continue reading Arrowsmith: A Pulitzer Controversy and A Satire of American Medicine

Notes on Virgil’s Ten Eclogues

The Eclogues (Latin for "Selections") is the earliest of Virgil's three masterpieces that coincide with the prolongued sunset of the old Roman Republic. It first appears shortly before the end of the Roman Civil Wars, which ended in the triumph of Octavian over Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium in 30 BC. In the Eclogues Virgil, … Continue reading Notes on Virgil’s Ten Eclogues

Discord in the Early Church: Paul’s Letters to the Corinthians

Notes on Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians: Paul's Call for Order and Love In Paul's first epistle to the small, fledgling Church in Corinth, his reason for writing the letter is infighting within the church. A house of "Chloe" has informed Paul that there is major disagreement in Corinth. The tone of the first … Continue reading Discord in the Early Church: Paul’s Letters to the Corinthians

The Law in Paul’s Epistle to the Romans

The Book of Romans is one of the more consequential epistles written by Paul because it directly engages with questions pertaining to political philosophy, rather than simply theological questions. The letter, Paul's longest, appears to have been written to the Jews of Rome who were conflicted about whether or not to follow "The Way" while … Continue reading The Law in Paul’s Epistle to the Romans


Misery (1990) Director: Rob Reiner This twisted and delightfully awkward horror film is based on the 1987 Stephen King novel of the same name. The film tells the story of a successful novel series writer, Paul Sheldon (James Caan) who escapes to the remote Colorado countryside to write in the winter. He is hoping to … Continue reading Misery

The Shawshank Redemption

The Shawshank Redemption (1994) Director: Frank Darabont The Shawshank Redemption is the film that made Morgan Freeman's classic narration a household staple. The film is based on the Stephen King novella, Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption published in 1982. Frank Darabont directed other Stephen King stories put to film, such as The Green Mile. The Shawshank Redemption was nominated for seven … Continue reading The Shawshank Redemption