Star Trek: Season 3, Episode Twenty-Three “All Our Yesterdays”

Stardate: 5943.7 (2269)
Original Air Date: March 14, 1969
Writer: Jean Lisette Aroeste
Director: Marvin Chomsky

“A library serves no purpose unless someone is using it.”

Rating: 5 out of 5.

A star called “Beta Niobe” will go nova in approximately three and a half hours. Its only satellite, Sarpeidon, is a Class-M planet which had been inhabited by a civilized humanoid species, however upon arrival, the Enterprise sensors indicate no life forms are present on Sarpeidon. Where did all the people go? How could the entire population of a planet simply disappear? Was it might mass suicide? Reports provided to the Federation deny that the Sarpeidon’s have space flight capability. Kirk, Spock, and Bones beam down to the surface where Spock discovers an impressive library which is still an emanating power source. Shortly thereafter, they stumble upon the librarian, Mr. Atoz (Ian Wolfe). He is surprised to meet the crewmen since all others have left the planet. However, as the crew walks through the library, they notice that Mr. Atoz is a “very agile man,” he keeps popping up to greet them here and there. Apparently, Mr. Atoz has created several replicants of himself to run the library. Why doesn’t Kirk simply explain to Mr. Atoz why the Enterprise has arrived?

Mr. Atoz claims all the former inhabitants of their planet have left Sarpeidon in order to escape the impending nova. Kirk asks, “Where did they all go?” But Mr. Atoz is somewhat evasive. With just three hours and thirteen minutes before the sun goes nova, Mr. Atoz allows the crew to peruse the library and select a favorite point in history, he claims there are over more than 20,000 verism tapes within the library. Then, Mr. Atoz employs an “atavachron” machine, small visual discs in the library show the crewmen various points in history. Suddenly, Kirk hears a screaming noise and runs through a door before he can be sufficiently prepared, and he is followed shortly thereafter by Spock and Bones, much to Mr. Atoz’s dismay.

Kirk is transported back to 17th century England where a swordfight is unfolding in a slum, while Spock and Bones are transported 5,000 years back in time to a remote arctic snowy mountain. Bones becomes injured and then they meet a hooded figure who leads them into a cave. The figure turns out to be a beautiful woman named Zarabeth (Mariette Hartley). She has been alone for so long that she begins to imagine she is hallucinating Spock and Bones, but Spock reassures her. While they help Bones recover, Spock and Zarabeth exchange affections, both of them share their loneliness. Spock asks to return to the library through the portal, but Zarabeth claims that if they try to return, they will surely die because the atavachron changes people who pass through it, however Spock begins acting irrationally and emotionally. He and Zarabeth kiss –“you are beautiful, more than beautiful than any dream of beauty I’ve ever known.” When Bones recovers, he learns that the atavachron has actually reverted Spock to his barbarian Vulcan past, so he can feel strong emotions.

Meanwhile, Kirk is imprisoned in 17th century England after being accused of being an accomplice to the sword fight, and he is also accused of being a witch when he was heard calling out to a “spirit” named “Bones.” Later, Kirk manages to break free but he is confronted and imprisoned. The Prosecutor (Kermit Murdock) who informs Kirk that he can never again return to the library, because the atavachron has restricted their brain function and cell patterns. Nevertheless, he eventually leads Kirk to the portal and Kirk successfully makes the leap back to the library. Kirk then forces Mr. Atoz to locate Spock and Bones after a brief struggle.

Spock and Zarabeth tearfully bid farewell to one another as Spock and Bones return to the library. In the end, they escape the planet before Beta Niobe goes nova, Spock return to his normal Vulcan state of cold rationalism, and Mr. Atoz takes his own trip through the atavachron. Spock distantly remembers his love for Zarabeth, a woman who has now been dead 5,000 years:

“And she is dead now. Dead and buried. Long ago.”


My Thoughts on “All Our Yesterdays”

Spock has had several romances in the third season, but perhaps none as touching nor sentimental as his heart-to-heart with Zarabeth, a love between two lonely souls. In some respects, she serves as Spock’s Edith Keeler. I thought this was a surprisingly brilliant episode, almost as if it could have been among the memorable season one string of episodes, in particular the parts concerning Spock and Zarabeth trapped in the snow 5,000 years ago was an especially impactful narrative.

In this episode, time travel serves as a means of escape as well as a prison for the people of Sarpeidon. If they can develop such elaborate technology, why not build the means for space travel? Also, it is never fully explained how Mr. Atoz was capable of replicating himself. Was this just another example of Sarpeidon possessing extraordinarily advanced technology, yet still is unable to achieve space travel? And lastly, the most frustrating aspect of the episode for me was: why does Kirk not simply introduce himself and the crew’s purpose to Mr. Atoz at the outset? Wouldn’t this have avoided a great deal of trouble?

At any rate, “All Our Yesterdays” still presents some serious, compelling science fiction ideas –such as the notion that time travel can cause harmful physical or psychological effects. In prior episodes, time travel doesn’t seem to affect the crewmen all too much. Another idea I picked up in this adventure, in the same way that Star Trek once envisioned the future of smartphones and tablets, “All Our Yesterdays” seems to point to the rise of discs and DVDs as seen in the round disc-shaped portals found in the library. In summary, this was a wonderful late season episode, a true standout in Season 3, joining a small club of others like “Let That Be Your Last Battlefield” and “The Cloud Minders.”


Writer/Director

Writer Jean Lisette Aroeste (1932-2020) was a reference librarian at UCLA when she wrote this script. She initially entitled this script “A Handful of Dust.” It initially had the crewmen trapped in a barren desert and an area reminiscent of San Francisco’s Barbary Coast.

Director Marvin Chomsky (1929-2022) was the cousin of leading contemporary linguist and political philosopher Noam Chomsky, and this was the third of three episodes he directed for Star Trek. As of the time of this writing, Marvin Chomsky passed away only a few months ago.


Star Trek Trivia:

  • This episode was initially slated to be the final Star Trek episode before “Turnabout Intruder” was added to the production schedule.
  • Author Ann Crispin wrote two novels as sequels to this episode: Yesterday’s Son and Time For Yesterday which concern a child conceived by Spock and Zarabeth named “Zar.”
  • The title is taken from Macbeth’s famous soliloquy (Shakespeare’s Macbeth, Act V, Scene 5) “…all our yesterdays have lighted fools the way to dusty death…”
  • Mr. Atoz (pronounced Ayee-tahz) is a clever reference to “A to Z” –perfect for a librarian.
  • This is the only episode of TOS where the interior of the Enterprise is not visible.  
  • A brief clip of the snowy planet Exo III in “What Are Little Girls Made Of ?” can be visible when Dr. McCoy grabs a disc.
  • The atavachron is a reused prop of Gary Seven’s Beta 5 computer from the episode “Assignment: Earth.”
  • Technically, according to the stardate this is the final chronological episode of TOS.
  • This is a rare episode which addresses physical as well as mental limitations on people who undergo time travel.
  • An episode of TAS entitled “The Counter-Clock Incident” references the fact that the Enterprise was near Beta Niobe when it began its supernova exploded.
  • Actor Ian Wolfe also appeared in the episode “Bread and Circuses” as Septimus.

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Star Trek: Season 3, Episode Twenty-Two “The Savage Curtain”

Stardate: 5906.4 (2269)
Original Air Date: March 7, 1969
Writer: Gene Roddenberry and Arthur Heinemann
Director: Herschel Daugherty

“I am Abraham Lincoln.”

Rating: 2 out of 5.

The Enterprise is conducting an observation exercise over a volcanic planet known as Excalbia where they surprisingly discover a source of artificial power (Sulu notes it is being generated in factor-7 quantities, which would indicate there is a considerable civilization that has been constructed on Excalbia). The presence of life seems impossible because the planet’s surface is composed of molten lava and the atmosphere is poisonous. When the Enterprise attempts to flee, it is scanned and taken over by… Abraham Lincoln?

Eager to welcome the greatest of American presidents, the crew dresses in their finest and they beam aboard President Lincoln (played by Lee Bergere). Scotty dons a Scottish kilt and comically speculates if Louis of France and maybe the Robert the Bruce will also be beamed aboard. When President Lincoln arrives, they are suspicious but awestruck. Who or what is this alien they have beamed aboard? Can we believe that Abraham Lincoln has been reincarnated? Or is this merely an alien impersonator? President Lincoln is given a tour of the Enterprise and he greets Lt. Uhura as a “charming negress” and then they discuss human culture having evolved over time –an incredibly strange and uncomfortable scene, even for TOS, however Uhura calmy deflects and claims that by the 23rd century, people have finally learned not fear words. A bold and impressive statement from the ship’s communications officer!  

Soon, Kirk and Spock beam down to the surface of Excalbia with President Lincoln where their weapons suddenly disappear and they meet Surak (Barry Atwater), greatest of all Vulcans who curiously died several centuries prior. Then a rock-like being called Yarnek introduces himself who wishes to run an experiment, a competition of which is superior –good or evil. He then introduces a cohort of characters who fill the Enterprise crewmen to the death –Genghis Khan (Nathan Jung); Colonel Green (Phillip Pine) who once led a genocidal war in the early 21st century on earth; Zora (Carol Daniels DeMent), who experimented with the body chemistry of subject tribes on Tiburon; Kalhess “The Unforgettable” (Robert Herron), who once set the pattern for the Klingon string of planetary tyrannies. In the competition, Kirk and Spock must survive in order to return to the Enterprise, which will explode unless Kirk and Spock (joined by Lincoln and Surak) win the battle in four hours-time.

Colonel Green offers an olive branch to Kirk by claiming he and his companions were all were tricked into visiting this planet, but they can no longer remember the circumstances –thus they all actually have common cause against the creature Yarnek and the Excalbians. However, he quickly backstabs Kirk’s team. The battle sequence drags on in one of the worst in TOS, and both Abraham Lincoln and Surak are killed. Eventually, Yarnek interrupts the fight and concludes there is no difference between good and evil. Kirk and Spock are then allowed to return to the Enterprise. Nothing is really resolved and no answers are provided as to the mystery of the Excalbians.  


My Thoughts on “The Savage Curtain”

There are some “bad” episodes of Star Trek that I nevertheless still really enjoy, and then there are episodes like “The Savage Curtain,” an episode which I found to be barely watchable. It was surprising to learn that many Trekkies actually find this a somewhat praiseworthy outing. Currently, this sits somewhere near the bottom of all the Star Trek episodes I have thus far reviewed. As Dr. McCoy states early on, “There’s no intelligent life here.” Chock this one up to another silly filler episode as Star Trek rapidly approaches its third season conclusion.

With that being said, the introduction of Surak was at least an intriguing aspect of this episode, along with the strange rock creature, Yarek.


Writer/Director

Gene Roddenberry’s initial title for this episode was “Mr. Socrates.” It was intended to explore Socratic investigation of which is better –good or evil—and was supposed to be a negative commentary on the nature of network television, however it was significantly revised, with perhaps only one single line from the original treatment kept in the final script which was completed by Arthur Heinemann.

Director Herschel Daugherty (1910-1993) directed two episodes of TOS, other being “Operation: Annihilate.”


Star Trek Trivia:

  • This episode identifies Kirk’s personal hero as Abraham Lincoln.
  • In this episode, Surak is erroneously referred to as one of the “greatest living Vulcans’ even though he has been dead for centuries.
  • Several notable characters are introduced in this episode who later reappear in various Trek iterations –Colonel Green reappears in Enterprise, Kahless the Unforgettable reappears in TNG, and Surak reappears in Enterprise.
  • This episode features the final appearance of a Vulcan and a Klingon in the Original Series.
  • Barry Atwater could not perform the Vulcan salute naturally with his hand, so when he bids farewell, he lowers his arm so his hand is out of view as he pushes his fingers against his body to configure them properly.
  • Bartell “Bart” LaRue (1932-1990) performed the voice of Yarnek. He also voiced numerous other characters in Star Tre, including the Guardian of Forever in “The City on the Edge of Forever.” Janos Prohaska (1919-1974) performed the physical character of Yarnek. He previously appeared in other Star Trek episodes including as a Mugatu in “A Private Little War,” the Horta in “Devil in the Dark,” and an Ape and Bird in “The Cage” and “The Menagerie.” He tragically died along with his son and 34 others in a plane crash in 1974 while filming a show called Primal Man.

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Star Trek: Season 3, Episode Twenty-One “The Cloud Minders”

Stardate: 5818.4 (2269)
Original Air Date: February 28, 1969
Writer: David Gerrold, Oliver Crawford, and Margaret Armen
Director: Jud Taylor

“I have never before met a Vulcan, sir.”
“Nor I a work of art, madam.”

Rating: 4 out of 5.

A botanical plague is devastating a planet in a quadrant of the galaxy where the Enterprise is operating at present. It threatens to wipe out all vegetation on Merak II leaving it uninhabitable. The Enterprise is headed at warp speed to the planet Ardana where the only known source of zenite exists –zenite is the one substance which can halt the plague. However, upon arrival at Ardana, Kirk and the crew discover a centuries-old dual class society. High up in the sky, kept in Sustained antigravity elevation, sits the beautiful and luxurious cloud city of Stratos – a purely intellectual society filled with art and culture, and devoid of violence. Far below on the planet’s surface are a race of working-class people known as “Troglytes” (taken from ancient references meaning “cave dwellers”) who toil in the zenite mines and provide for the lifestyle of the elite aristocrats of Stratos. Both classes despite one another. The denizens of Stratos rebuke the recalcitrant troglytes as “malcontents” and “disrupters” to their society, while the Troglytes claim they seek to break free from their servitude. Marxist allusions abound.

At first, Kirk and Spock beam down to Ardana where they stumble into a scuffle with some Troglytes, however they are quickly rescued by the High Adviser to Ardana’s Council, Plasus (Jeff Corey). Plasus takes the crewmen up to the cloud city of Stratos where they meet his beautiful daughter, Droxine (Diana Erwing) who immediately grows smitten with Spock. A rebellious Troglyte is soon captured but rather than face punishment, he leaps off the cloud city to his death far below.   

While awaiting answers to their zenite request, Spock offers the following “fascinating” internal monologue:

“This troubled planet is a place of the most violent contrasts. Those who receive the rewarded are totally separated from those shoulder the burdens. It is not a wise leadership. Here on Stratos, everything is incomparably beautiful and pleasant. The high advisor’s charming daughter, Droxine, particularly so. The name Droxine seems appropriate for her. I wonder, can she retain such purity and sweetness of mind and be aware of the life of the people on the surface of the planet. There, the harsh life in the mines is instilling the people with a bitter hatred. The young girl who led the attack against us when we beamed down was filled with the violence of desperation. If the lovely Droxine knew of the young miner’s misery, I wonder how the knowledge would affect her…” 

Needless to say, Spock and Droxine soon strike up a subtle romance while Kirk is attacked by a Troglyte leader named Vanna (Charlene Polite) but she is captured, tortured, and imprisoned. This leads to a slow-build conflict between Plasus and Kirk, despite the fact there are only 12 hours lleft to prevent annihilation on Merak II, and Plasus ultimately forces Kirk and Spock to return to the Enterprise. However, Kirk secretly returns to Stratos and helps Vanna escape from prison so she can lead him to the vital supply of zenite in the mines. As it turns out, there is a dangerous gas in the zenite mines which temporarily stunts people’s mental faculties. Kirk brings a to help acquire the zenite, but Vanna distrusts the Federation and she turns on Kirk, forcing him to dig for zenite with his bare hands. But then Kirk regains the upper hand and encloses himself in the mine with Vanna before ordering Plasus also beamed into the mine. Unfortunately, by this point the gas begins to affect Kirk’s mind. He grows irate and commands Plasus and Vanna to mine for zenite, before they are all beamed aboard the Enterprise and all is resolved.

In the end, the zenite is recovered and given to the Enterprise. Spock and Droxine bid each other a sorrowful farewell as she pledges to visit the Troglyte mines. Kirk and Spock then depart, returning to the Enterprise with 2 hours and 59 minutes left to deliver the zenite.


My Thoughts on “The Cloud Minders”

Generally speaking, my assessment of Season 3 is more favorable than I thought it would be –the infamous Season 3 offers a fun collection of campy adventures that while lacking much of the grandeur of earlier classics like “The City on the Edge of Forever,” or “The Doomsday Machine,” or “Balance of Terror,” it is decidedly not the unmitigated disaster often portrayed by some. For me, “The Cloud Minders” is a terrific third season diamond in the rough.  

This is another great Star Trek moral quandary which explores “us and them” prejudicial tensions that divide the haves from the have-nots on a remote mining planet –a lesson which rings painfully true today. Loosely based on the dual caste society featured in Fritz Lang’s Metropolis (1927), I half expected to see Lando Calrissian wander out of a hallway like Bespin in The Empire Strikes Back (1980). At any rate, this episode is a nice return to form for classic Trek.


Writer/Director

The initial impetus for this episode was to create a sequel to “The Trouble with Tribbles,” but Gene Roddenberry rejected the idea of turning Star Trek into a comedy. David Gerrold initially developed the storyline for this episode entitled “Castles in the Sky”, however producer Fred Freiberger did not trust Gerrold to write a successful scripty so he asked Oliver Crawford (who wrote “The Galileo Seven” and “Let That Be Your Last Battlefield”) to perform rewrites, and finally he had Margaret Armen complete further rewrites. Freiberger’s intent was for Margaret Armen to become the new show editor much like D.C. Fontana.  

Director Jud Taylor (1932-2008) directed a total of five Season 3 episodes, more than any other Season 3 director.


Star Trek Trivia:

  • The beautiful cloud city Stratos was designed by Matt Jeffries. He constructed the model using foam pieces.
  • In this episode, Spock reiterates the seven year “pon farr” Vulcan mating cycle which we first learned about in the Season 2 opener “Amok Time.” In this case, he notes the cycle can possibly be broken by “extreme feminine beauty.” Fans have noted how unusual it would have been for Spock to openly speak about this ritual.
  • There is one particularly amusing scene in this episode of Kirk being clumsily dubbed over though his mouth is clearly not moving.
  • Star Trek Enterprise executive producer Manny Coto had every intent of revisiting Stratos if Enterprise had a fifth season.
  • James Blish’s novelization of this episode is entitled “The Cloud Miners.”
  • The miners’ goggles reappear in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan.
  • The image of the planet river, seen from the Cloud City balcony, is actually a photograph of the Hadramawt Plateau dry river basin in southern Yemen, taken by astronauts on the Gemini IV orbital mission in 1965 (per Memory Alpha).
  • Apparently, the metal furniture and decorations around the city of Stratos was rented by an artist in Topanga Canyon.  
  • In the script zenite was spelled “zeenite.”
  • In David Gerrold’s original script the planet is called Aronis (rhyming with “baroness”) where an oligarchic class of “Skymen” reign in floating cities over the Ballakies, a class of laborers who mine dilithium crystals on the planet below. The city in question is G’aela and Droxine is named Grandee.

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Star Trek: Season 3, Episode Twenty “The Way to Eden”

Stardate: 5832.3 (2269)
Original Air Date: February 21, 1969
Writer: Arthur Heinemann and Michael Richards
Director: David Alexander

“There are many who are uncomfortable with what we have created. It is almost a biological rebellion: a profound revulsion against the planned communities, the programming, the sterilized, artfully balanced atmospheres. They hunger for an Eden, where Spring comes.”

Rating: 2 out of 5.

A stolen space cruiser called the “Aurora” is fleeing from the Enterprise. With six people aboard, the Aurora will soon explode due to over-heating, but Scotty manages to beam the survivors aboard moments before the ship is destroyed. The six beamed aboard are a colorful cohort of intergalactic hippies, including the son of the Catullan ambassador, Tongo Rad (Victor Brandt). The Enterprise has been instructed to handle this situation delicately so as not to interfere with crucial negotiations currently underway between the Federation and Catullans. The rest of the group consists of Irina Galliulin (Mary Linda Rapelye), a former Starfleet Academy dropout who once knew Chekov; Adam (Charles Napier), a musician; and two unnamed women. They are led by Dr. Sevrin (Skip Homeier), a brilliant research engineer in the fields of acoustics, communications, and electronics on Tiberon, who was dismissed from his post when he started this countercultural movement. Together, they form a small drum circle inside the transporter room, and refuse to speak with Kirk. They amusingly chide a “stiff” Kirk for being a “Herbert!”

Before the Aurora survivors can be led to sickbay for inspection of possible radiation contamination, Spock manages to communicate with them –he recognizes them as a cult-like band of new age spiritualists with a shared idea of the “one.” They claim to recognize no authority above themselves, and their intent is to return to a new “beginning” on the mythical planet of Eden. It becomes apparent they are part of a growing undercurrent of young people who are uncomfortable with the civilization brought about under the Federation.  

Later, it is discovered that Dr. Sevrin carries a “nasty little bug” called the bacillus strain of the Synthococcus Novae which has evolved within the last few years resulting from the Federation’s aseptic, sterilized civilization. The Federation has immunized against it, but rejectors of civilization like Dr. Sevrin and his minions are susceptible to spreading the disease. Bones researches possible medical options while the hippies demand to be taken to the planet Eden, however, Kirk rejects their demands.

Surprising no one, the hippies then quickly take control of the Enterprise while their groovy music distracts the crew. They immediately breach the neutral zone and head into Romulan space, potentially violating the peace of the galaxy. Using ultrasonic frequency noises against the Enterprise crew, they guide the Enterprise to Eden, and escape in a shuttlecraft down to the surface. When the Enterprise crew manage to stop the ultrasonic frequencies, Kirk, Spock, and Chekov beam down to the surface (which bears striking resemblance to Yosemite) and they discover what seems to be a paradise filled with lush flora, but the plants are actually acidic and cause burning on the skin. Nearby, they find the dead body of Adam, and inside the shuttlecraft, all the hippies crouch in fear of this new place. However, rather than returning to the Enterprise for medical help, Dr. Sevrin decides to bite into some fruit from a nearby tree which instantly kills him (the eye-rolling Biblical metaphors continue to abound). Thus ends Dr. Sevrin’s experimental cult. Back aboard the Enterprise, Chekov and Irina –once classmates and lovers– bid farewell to each another as Spock encourages Irina to continue searching for Eden.  


My Thoughts on “The Way to Eden”

“Jelly in the belly!” “Herbert!” “Yay brother!” “We reach!”

This is an altogether silly episode. “The Way to Eden” is not a particularly subtle commentary on the 1960s hippie/counterculture movement. In it, we find new age spiritualism, cult leaders, youth culture, anti-science, anti-technology, futuristic rock music, and general harbingers serve as foils to the Enterprise. How does this portrayal of burgeoning 1960s rebel culture jive with the show’s optimistic vision of the future? The episode offers an interesting contrast between the rigid militarism of the Enterprise and the freewheeling “flower power” bohemianism. Utopianism can be a dangerous idea, even if the Federation presents itself as a qualified utopia of sorts. Those who look with rose-colored glasses at a fabled Rousseauian “return to nature” are either mostly frivolous, vain simpletons who are painfully antiquarian in their love of escapism, or else they are starkly dangerous villains who threaten the livelihoods of many –such as people who might commandeer the ship of state, so to speak. There are always people who are unfortunately swindled by charismatic leaders like David Koresh, Charles Manson, or Jim Jones –like Adam, who becomes an unfortunate casualty in this conflict.

One idea I found particularly striking in this episode is the futuristic disease which evolves as a result of the Federation’s aseptic civilization. Reliant upon technology, space travel, and immunization, who knows what diseases might emerge from such a human condition? Thus far in Star Trek, we have mainly seen external diseases a la “The Naked Time” which threaten the whole project, but what if there are other diseases brought about by the very way humans live inside the Federation? Perhaps all utopias conceal these risks within them.    

At any rate, with echoes of earlier TOS episodes, Spock breaks out the ol’ Vulcan Harp and plays a few smile-inducing musical numbers along with the hippies. These scenes elicited audible laughter from me. How and why did Spock earn the trust and admiration of the hippies? In doing so, he has once again saved the Enterprise from certain destruction, even it is somewhat ludicrous. I found this episode to be good fun in the vein of “Spectre of the Gun” or “Bread and Circuses,” –while not the absolute worst of TOS, it comes nowhere close to the top 30 or 40 episodes in my book.


Writer/Director

The original teleplay/treatment for this episode was written by the great D.C. Fontana. She initially entitled the story “Joanna” and it was about Dr. McCoy’s daughter who was to fall in love involved with Captain Kirk. It contained significant background information for Dr. McCoy, including an unsuccessful marriage which was incorporated in the Kelvin Timeline films. However, this teleplay was significantly revised by Arthur Heinemann and Joanna’s character was changed to Irina, and Chekov was made her counterpart. Fontana’s script was so heavily rewritten that she asked for her name to be removed from the credits and replaced with her pseudonym “Michael Richards,” which she had also used for the episode “That Which Survives.”

Director David Alexander (1914-1983) directed two episodes of Star Trek: “Plato’s Stepchildren” and “The Way to Eden.” He also directed a variety of episodes for popular television shows like My Favorite Martian, Get Smart, The Brady Bunch, and The Munsters.  


Star Trek Trivia:

  • This episode regularly ranks among the worst in the series.
  • Background music for Uhura’s song in the Season 1 classic “Charlie X” is reused in this episode.
  • Footage from “Spock’s Brain is also reused in this episode.
  • Production executive Douglas S. Cramer reportedly pushed for the inclusion of the pejorative term “Herbert” being used by the hippies. It may have been a dig at his predecessor Herbert Solow, or perhaps even a jab at President Herbert Hoover.
  • Skip Homeier also starred in the Season 2 episode “Patterns of Force” as Melakon (i.e.  the Nazi episode).
  • Charles Napier, or “Adam,” co-wrote two of the songs he sings in this episode: “Headin’ Out to Eden” and “Looking For A New Land.” He later appeared in a DS9 episode decades later.
  • Chekov’s full name is mentioned in this episode: “Pavel Andreievich Chekov.”
  • Per James Doohan, this was the only TOS episode he did not like in the series.

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