The Republic, Book I (Part III): Polemarchus

When Cephalus departs to attend to the sacrifices, Polemarchus becomes the "heir of the argument", as the rightful heir to Cephalus's substance, and he defends Simonides's interpretation of justice -that it is just to give to each what is owed. Like Cephalus, Polemarchus sees justice as something distributive. However, the implication in Polemarchus's opinion, as … Continue reading The Republic, Book I (Part III): Polemarchus

Initial Thoughts on Plato’s Laches

In Plato's short dialogue called the Laches we encounter the question of courage. Lysimachus and Melesias are seeking guidance from some of Athen's older and more experienced on the best way to raise their sons so they will become good. Both Lysimachus and Melesias are ashamed because they did not fight in battle the way their forefathers did against … Continue reading Initial Thoughts on Plato’s Laches

Aristotle, Oedipus, and Greek Tragedy

There is a rigorous debate among scholars that has perpetuated for hundreds of years, dating back to Aristotle, about whether or not the purpose, or telos, of a tragedy is to determine a particular character flaw of the central protagonist. That is, to inquire about whether or not Oedipus is, indeed, a flawed human being who has, somehow, … Continue reading Aristotle, Oedipus, and Greek Tragedy