Xerxes, Thermopylae, and Salamis: Books VII – IX

In Book VII of Herodotus’s Histories, Herodotus details the anger of Darius who was unable to seek vengeance on Athens and also Egypt that was revolting against the Persians. However, infighting between the sons of Darius began and Xerxes won out, thanks to the superior skills of persuasion he received from a Spartan defector. Xerxes consults … Continue reading Xerxes, Thermopylae, and Salamis: Books VII – IX

Egypt, Persia, and the New Regime: Book III

Book III of Herodotus’s Histories is concerned with the internal battles among the barbarians -a competition for the best of men among the Egyptians and the Persians. Per usual in Herodotus, he presents multiple perspectives and defends one or the other, as in the case of the Greek and Egyptian defense of Helen arriving in Egypt … Continue reading Egypt, Persia, and the New Regime: Book III

The Rise of Egypt: Notes on Book II

Book II of Herodotus’s Histories is often called "Euterpe," named for the muse of the past meaning "rejoicing well" or "delight." In beginning to discuss the much envied empire of the Egyptians, Herodotus opens with an account of the Egyptian quest for origins, not merely their own, but rather for all humans. They had believed themselves to … Continue reading The Rise of Egypt: Notes on Book II