The Idea of Revenge in the Iliad and the Odyssey

In both the Iliad and the Odyssey we encounter┬ávengeance exacted by the protagonists. In the Iliad, a poem explicitly about the "rage" or "wrath" of Achilles, we discover the rage that follows from the sorrow for the death of a loved one. In Books XV and XVI, the beloved companion, Patroclus, is killed by Hector … Continue reading The Idea of Revenge in the Iliad and the Odyssey

Book XVIII of the Iliad: Examining the Shield of Achilles

In Book XVIII of the Iliad, Achilles is distraught. Patroclus has been killed by Hector, and the armor of Achilles has been stripped and stolen by Hector. Thetis, Achilles's goddess mother, travels to the house of Hephaestus to convince him to build a new shield for Achilles so he can return to the battle and … Continue reading Book XVIII of the Iliad: Examining the Shield of Achilles

The Iliad and the Odyssey: Two Proems Compared

"Rage" is the first word presented to us in the Iliad. The Goddess, not the muse, is commanded to sing of the rage of Peleus's son Achilles. Which Goddess does Homer invoke? We are not given a clear answer, however we can acknowledge that this Goddess remains anonymous, not unlike Odysseus at the outset of … Continue reading The Iliad and the Odyssey: Two Proems Compared

Persuading Achilles: Books IX, XVI, XXIV Considered

"Triumphant Achilles" by Franz von Matsch In Book IX of the Iliad, the Achaeans have been stricken with Panic ("panicos" meaning pertaining to Pan, the god of shepherds and wild animals). In the absence of Achilles on the battlefield, Hector has beaten back the Achaeans nearly to their ships. All that is left is to … Continue reading Persuading Achilles: Books IX, XVI, XXIV Considered