The summit of Aristotle's examination of "first philosophy" occurs in Book XII of his Metaphysics. Chapters 1-5 of Book XII reiterate Aristotle's examination into the nature of thinghood (an inquiry which had previously appeared in Aristotle's Physics). Thinghood is a kind of whole (not a part of a whole) representing the sources as well as … Continue reading Reflections On Aristotle’s Prime Unmoved Mover
Thucydides claims the Peloponnesian War is the greatest event or movement in human history, and the most important part of this great war takes place in Books VI-VII: The ill-fated Sicilian Expedition. The Sicilian Expedition represents the turning point in the war. Thucydides begins to explain the expedition by offering a history of the origins … Continue reading The Sicilian Expedition: Alcibiades and Nicias in Thucydides’s Peloponnesian War (Books VI-VII)
Aristotle's treatise on politics is the essential work on political philosophy from classical antiquity. Since the death of Socrates, philosophy had to learn to conceal itself from the wayward opinions of the majority. People are biased and occasionally these biases are directed at people in an unenlightened way. Each age and political regime carries certain … Continue reading Further Thoughts on Aristotle’s Politics
The account of human life offered in the Bible is radically different from the writings of Plato and Aristotle in classical antiquity. In the Bible, an infinitely distant God creates the world and then places humans in it. He is an artisan and a poet -He speaks life into existence. However, the account of His … Continue reading Political Theology in the Bible: An Exegesis
The Samia, or the "Girl From Samos," is the second most complete play that has come down to us from Menander's collection of comedies (the Samia has 132 lines missing, while Dyskolos has 39). The Samia was recovered with the "Cairo Codex" in 1907 along with other fragments of Menander comedies ("Men at Arbitration" and "She Who Was … Continue reading Notes on the Samia
As far as we know, Heraclitus and Parmenides were contemporaries: Heraclitus was from Asia Minor, and Parmenides was from Southern Italy. We think Heraclitus remained in his hometown of Ephesus all his life. He lived perhaps sometime around 500 BC. According to the popular Western imagination, Heraclitus is often portrayed as a weeping, brooding philosopher. … Continue reading Who Is Heraclitus?