Robin Hood (1922) Director: Allan Dwan
Robin Hood is a notable epic of the silent era. The title was actually copyrighted in 1922 as “Douglas Fairbanks in Robin Hood.” It was one of the most expensive films of the 1920s with a budget estimated to be as much as $1,000,000. It was the first film to premier at Grauman’s Egyptian Theatre in Hollywood, California. Admission was $5 per person, an expensive price when it opened on October 18, 1922. The film was not shown in any other Los Angeles theatre during that year. It runs over 2 hours long.
Robin Hood is a remarkable epic – its set designs are incredible; huge castles with sweeping vistas and memorably unique use of the camera from a distance form a recipe for cinematic splendor. Many of the scenes were built at Pickfair, Fairbanks and Pickfords estate in Los Angeles. Some were even designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. The film is an impressive classic from Douglas Fairbanks -one not soon forgotten.
At the outset a title reminds the audience that history is but a mixture of history and mythology. A great jousting tournament opens the film, with spectacular scenery and quick cuts to build the tension. The Earl of Huntingdon (Fairbanks) defeats the evil Sir Guy of Gisbourne, despite his best efforts to cheat and tie himself to his horse. Huntingdon wins a kiss from the Lady Marian Fitzwater. Huntingdon joins King Richard on a crusade in the Holy Land, while the evil Prince John usurps the English throne, at the behest of Sir Guy of Gisbourne. Great evil acts of torture are performed against he people of England (we see shocking and gruesome scenes of people hung by their necks). Lady Marian sends a note to Huntingdon, and upon learning of the news, Huntingdon attempts to return home to England to fight Prince John but he is caught by King Richard’s men and assumed to be a deserter so he is imprisoned. He eventually escapes from prison only to return to England to find all of his comrades outlawed, and the Lady Marian apparently dead. He assumes the name of Robin Hood in the second half of the film, defender of the poor. He forms his merry band of Friar Tuck, Little John, and others as they upset Prince John and the High Sheriff of Nottingham’s plans at every turn. In the end, he defeats Guy in a dramatic scene and he climbs the tower to rescue Lady Marian, who has not been killed but merely imprisoned. Then King Richard arrives and Huntingdon marries Lady Marian. To a modern audience, the second half of the film will be the most familiar, as well as the most entertaining.
This was not the first Robin Hood film, as there were several earlier silent films, one shot in the woods of Fort Lee, New Jersey. The film was produced by Fairbanks through his own company, and distributed by United Artists, his joint partnership with Pickford, Chaplin, and Griffith. Robin Hood has been called Fairbanks’s most important film. It was Fairbanks’s third swashbuckling film. Fairbanks lays the seed for an exuberant and acrobatic Robin Hood that is not again attempted until Errol Flynn in 1938.