The Moderns

The New Testament
Thoughts on the “Newness” of the New Testament
Where Did The New Testament Come From?
Notes on the Twelve Apostles of Jesus
The Story of the King James Bible
Political Theology in the Bible: An Exegesis
Matthew
Matthew Chapter 5-7: The Sermon on the Mount
Comparing the Death of Jesus in the Four Gospels
Mark
Comparing the Death of Jesus in the Four Gospels
Luke
Comparing the Death of Jesus in the Four Gospels
Notes on Luke-Acts
John
Comparing the Death of Jesus in the Four Gospels
On the Logos in the Gospel of John
Acts
Notes on Luke-Acts
Romans
The Law in Paul’s Epistle to the Romans
1 Corinthians
Discord in the Early Church: Paul’s Letters to the Corinthians
2 Corinthians
Discord in the Early Church: Paul’s Letters to the Corinthians
Galatians
Rejection of Mosaic Law in Galatians
Ephesians
Notes on Paul’s Letter to Ephesus
Philippians
Notes on Paul’s Letter to Philippi
Colossians
Notes on Paul’s Letter to Collossae
1 Thessolonians
Notes on Paul’s Two Letters to Thessolonica
2 Thessolonians
Notes on Paul’s Two Letters to Thessolonica
1 Timothy
On the Corpus Pastorale
2 Timothy
On the Corpus Pastorale
Titus
On the Corpus Pastorale
Philemon
A Brief Note on Philemon
Hebrews
“Jesus As Superior To Moses” – Thoughts on Hebrews
James

Thoughts on the Epistle of James
1 Peter
Peter’s Message in His First Epistle
2 Peter
The Question of Scriptural Authority in Peter’s Second Epistle
1 John
Eyewitness Testimony in the Johannine Epistles
2 John
Eyewitness Testimony in the Johannine Epistles
3 John
Eyewitness Testimony in the Johannine Epistles
Jude
Notes on the Unusual Epistle of Jude
Revelation
A Vision of Horror and Apocalypse in John’s Revelation

Selections from the Apocrypha, Gnostics, and texts from the Nag Hammadi Library
The Story of the Nag Hammadi Library
The Story of the Dead Sea Scrolls
The Shepherd of Hermas
Thoughts on the Shepherd of Hermas
The Epistle of Barnabas
Notes on the Epistle of Barnabas
The Gospel of Philip
Mary Magdalene in the Gospel of Philip
The Gospel of Thomas
Thoughts on the Gospel of Thomas
The Apocalypse of Peter
Two Texts Called The Apocalypse of Peter
1 Clement
On Clement’s Letter to the Corinthians
Didache
Thoughts on the Didache

Apostolic Father: Clement of Rome
On Clement’s Letter to the Corinthians

Apostolic Father: Ignatius of Antioch
On Ignatius’s Seven Epistles

Apostolic Father: Polycarp of Smyrna
On Polycarp’s Epistle to the Philippians

Apostolic Father: Papias of Hierapolis
Notes on the Fragments of Papias

Josephus
Jesus and John the Baptist Briefly Mentioned in Josephus

Church Father: Justin Martyr
An Attempted Union of Hellenism and Christianity in Justin Martyr’s First Apology
Christianity Contra Judaism in Justin Martyr’s Dialogue with Trypho

Church Father: Clement of Alexandria
Clement’s Attack on Hellenism

Church Father: Irenaeus of Lyon
Irenaeus’s Attack on Heresy

Church Father: Origen of Alexandria
On Origen’s First Principles

Church Father: Athanasius of Alexandria
On Athanasius’s “On The Incarnation of the Word”
Thoughts on Asceticism in Athanasius’s Life of Antony

Church Father: Eusebius
On Eusebius’s Ecclesiastical History and the Origins of the Gospels

Church Father: Tertullian
Who Is Tertullian?

Church Doctor: St. Ambrose
Brief Notes on the Life of Saint Ambrose, Bishop of Milan

St. Patrick’s Confessio
Thoughts on St. Patrick’s “Confessio”

Church Doctor: Saint Augustine
Confessions
City of God

Church Doctor: St. Jerome
The Story of Jerome’s Vulgate

The Nicene Creed
On The Nicene Creed

Lives of the Eminent Philosophers by Diogenes Laertius

Introduction to Arithmetic by Nicomachus

Meditations by Marcus Aurelius

Ignatius

On the Sublime by Longinus

Satires by Lucian

Proclus

Porphyry

Iamblichus

The Code of Justinian

The Consolation of Philosophy by Boethius

Proslogion by Saint Anselm

The Qu’ran

The Thousand and One Nights

The Rubaiyat

Avicenna

Averroes

Beowulf

The Hymn by Bede

Le Roman de la Rosa

Niebelungenlied

The Summa Theologica by Thomas Aquinas

The Guide for the Perplexed by Maimonides

Duns Scotus

The Trial of Joan of Arc

The Almagest by Ptolemy

Enneads by Plotinus

The Kaddish

Dante Alighieri
The Divine Comedy (The Inferno, Purgatorio, Paradiso)
La Vita Nuova

Decameron by Giovanni Bocaccio

The Golden Legend

Chrétien de Troyes

Amadis de Gaula, by García Montalvo

In Praise of Folly by Erasmus

Geoffrey Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales
Who Is Geoffrey Chaucer?
Chaucer’s Silence: On the General Prologue to the Canterbury Tales
“Make Of Two Sorrows One Perfect Joy” A Reading of The Knight’s Tale
The Idea of Requital in The Miller’s Tale
A Defense of Justice in The Reeve’s Tale
Notes on the Unfinished Cook’s Tale
A Story of “Joy after Woe” in The Man of Law’s Tale
The Wife of Bath’s Tale: Autobiography and Arthurian Parody
Intentionality in The Friar’s Tale
Aristotelian Mimesis: The Conflict Between the Friar and the Summoner
The Scholar’s Desire for Power: A Reading of The Clerk’s Tale
A Qualified Defense of Marriage in The Merchant’s Tale
On The (Interrupted) Squire’s Tale
Pity and Promises in the Franklin’s Tale
History Contra Poetics in The Physician’s Tale
Disingenuous Authorial Intent in The Pardoner’s Tale
The Principle of Exchange in The Shipman’s Tale
A Hollow Story of Martyrdom In The Prioress’s Tale
On Chaucerian Irony in the Tale of Sir Thopas
Deprivation and Excess in The Tale of Sir Thopas and The Tale of Melibee
Seventeen Tragic Biographies in The Monk’s Tale
“The latter ende of joye is wo” On The Dangerous Significance of Poetry in the Nun’s Priest’s Tale
Authorship in the Second Nun’s Tale
Trickery and Alchemy in the Canon’s Yeoman’s Tale
On The Wisdom of Silence in The Manciple’s Tale
An Appeal to Common Wisdom in the Final Tale: The Parson’s Tale

William Langland

The Pearl Poet

John Gower

Sir Gawain and the Green Knight

St. Bonaventure

Magna Carta
King John and Magna Carta (1199-1216)

Le Morte D’Arthur by Sir Thomas Mallory

St. Catherine of Siena

The Incoherence of the Philosophers

The Imitation of Christ by Thomas a Kempis

Utopia by Sir Thomas More

Machiavelli
The Prince
The Discourses on Livy

The 95 Theses by Martin Luther

Gargantua & Pantagruel Pentology by Francois Rabelais
The Absurd World of Pantagruel

Essays by Montaigne

Fables by Jean de la Fontaine

The Lusiads

Leonardo de Vinci’s Notebooks

Poems of St. John of the Cross

On The Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres by Copernicus

The New Atlantis by Francis Bacon

The Nuremberg Chronicle

Journal of Christopher Columbus

A Short Account of the Destruction of Indies by Bartolome de las Casas

Journals of Other Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, and English Explorers

The Book of Martyrs by John Foxe

Orlando Furioso by Ludovico Ariosto

Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes
When Poetry Conquers Philosophy: Reflections on Don Quixote

Lope de Vega

William Shakespeare
Shakespeare’s Comedies
All’s Well That Ends Well
As You Like It

As You Like It, Act I
As You Like It, Act II
“All The World’s A Stage” Considered
The Comedy of Errors
Love’s Labour’s Lost
Measure for Measure
The Merchant of Venice
The Merry Wives of Windsor
A Midsummer Night’s Dream
Much Ado About Nothing
The Taming of the Shrew
The Tempest
The Two Gentlemen of Verona
The Winter’s Tale

Shakespeare’s Tragedies
Antony and Cleopatra

Coriolanus
Cymbeline
Hamlet
Julius Caesar
King Lear
Macbeth
Othello
Romeo and Juliet
Timon of Athens
Titus Andronicus
Troilus and Cressida

Shakespeare’s Histories
Henry IV Part I

Henry IV Part II
Henry V
Henry VI Part I
Henry VI Part II
Henry VI Part III
Henry VIII
King John
Richard II
Richard III

Other Shakespeare (Not Included in the First Folio)
Pericles

The Two Noble Kinsmen

Christopher Marlowe
Tamburlaine

Ben Johnson

Philip Sidney

The Faerie Queene by Edmund Spenser

The Lives of the Artists by Giorgio Vasari

Johannes Kepler
New Astronomy
Harmony of the Worlds

Rene Descartes
Musicae Compendium
Le Monde
Geometry
Discourse on the Method
Meditations on First Philosophy
Principles of Philosophy

Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes

Galileo Galilei
Starry Messenger
Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems

De Motu Cordis by William Harvey

“The Periodic Law of Chemical Elements” by Dmitri Mendeleev

Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained by John Milton

The Book of Common Prayer

Moliere
Tartuffe
Misanthrope

Andromache by Racine

Maxims by Francois de la Rochefocauld

Isaac Newton
Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica

Pilgrim’s Progress by John Bunyan
Thoughts on Pilgrim’s Progress

Pensees by Pascal

John Dryden

Poems by Anne Bradstreet

Poems by Anne Locke

Poems by Andrew Marvell

“A Crown of Sonnets Dedicated to Love” by Lady Mary Wroth

Johann Sebastian Bach
St. Matthew Passion

Inventions

Missa Papae Marcelli by Giovanni Palestrina 

Quartets by Joseph Haydn

L’Orfeo by Claudio Monteverdi

John Locke
A Letter Concerning Toleration
Two Treatises of Government
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

Daniel Defoe
Robinson Crusoe
Robinson Crusoe’s Diary of Survivalism
Moll Flanders

Principles of Human Knowledge by Berkeley

Alexander Pope
Rape of the Lock
Essay on Man

Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift
Jonathan Swift and the Idea of Satire

Voltaire
Candide
Treatise on Tolerance

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Symphonies
Operas
Don Giovanni

Songs by Franz Schubert

Symphonies of Psalms by Igor Stravisnky

Symphonies by Ludwig van Beethoven

David Hume
A Treatise of Human Nature
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

Treatise on Light by Christiaan Huygens

Essay on the Theory of Numbers by Richard Dedekind

“The Fahrenheit Scale” by Daniel Fahrenheit

Introduction to the Analytical Art by Francois Viete

“On the Vibrating String” By Daniel Bernoulli

“Experimental Researches in Electricity” by Michael Faraday

James Clerk Maxwell on Farady

“On the Nature of Light and Electricity” by Thomas Young

Observations on Electrical Phenomena Jean-Antoine Nollet

The Motion of the Stretched String by Brook Taylor

Essays by Theodor Boveri

“Matter Waves” by Louisde Broglie

Essay on Electricity by Alessandra Volta

Essays by Francois Jacob and Jacques Monod

Essays by George Beadle and Edward Tatum

G.H. Hardy on Gregor Mendel

The Narrow Road to the Deep North by Matsuo Bashō

Tom Jones by Henry Fielding 

Jean Jacques Rousseau
Heloise
The Social Contract
Discourse on the Arts and Sciences
Discourse on Inequality
Emile, or On Education
Reveries of a Solitary Walker
Confessions

Rameau’s Nephew by Denis Diderot

Lord Chesterfield’s Letters

Life of Samuel Johnson by Boswell

Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith

The New Science by Vico

Elements of Chemistry by Antoine Lavoisier

Excerpt from the Essay on Static Chemicals by Claude Berthollet

Extracts From a New System Chemical Philosophy by John Dalton

“The Science and Philosophy of the Organism” by Hans Driesch

Extracts from the Lectures on Chemical Elements by Joseph Black

“Letter to Professor S. de Luca” by Stanislau Canizzaro

“On the Expansion of Gases by Heat” & “Memoir on the Combination of Gaseous Substances with Each Other” by Joseph-Louis Gay Lussac

Essays by Edme Marriott

Cellular Pathology Lectures by Rudolf Virchow

Essays by Andre-Marie Ampere

Michael Faraday’s Experiments in Electricity

Euler’s writings on Mr. Bernoulli

De Magnete by William Gilbert

The Articles of Confederation

The United States Declaration of Independence

Constitution of the United States of America

Déclaration des droits de l’homme et du citoyen (The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen)

Native American Chants and Songs (compiled by the Norton Anthology)

Life Among the Piutes by Sarah Winnemucca

Immanuel Kant
Observations on the Feelings of the Beautiful and the Sublime
On The Different Races of Man
Critique of Pure Reason
Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics
An Answer to the Question “What Is Enlightenment?”
Idea For A Universal History With A Cosmopolitan Purpose
Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals

“Essay on a Manner Determining the Relative Masses of the Elementary Molecules of Bodies” by Amedeo Avogadro

Edmund Burke
A Vindication of Natural Society
Reflections on the Revolution in France

Samuel Johnson

Mary Wollstonecraft

Olaudah Equiano

William Blake

Emily Dickinson

William Wordsworth

Walt Whitman

Friedrich Schiller

Edgar Allan Poe
The Fall of the House of Usher
The Murders in the Rue Morgue
The Pit and the Pendulum
The Tell-Tale Heart
The Bells
The Raven

Faust by Goethe

Richard Wagner

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire by Edward Gibbon

Soren Kierkegaard
On the Concept of Irony with Continual Reference to Socrates
Either/Or
Fear and Trembling
Philosophical Fragments
The Concept of Anxiety
The Sickness Unto Death

The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

Henry Adams History of the United States During the Administrations of Thomas Jefferson

Karl Marx
On The Jewish Question
Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844
The German Ideology
The Communist Manifesto
Capital

Charles Darwin
The Voyage of the Beagle
On The Origin of Species
The Descent of Man

The Journals of Lewis and Clark

The Varieties of Religious Experience, Pragmatism by William James

An Introduction to Metaphysics by Henri Bergson

Robert Burns
The Story Behind “Auld Lang Syne”

Alfred Lord Tennyson

Arthur Rimbaud

Percy Bysshe Shelley

Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Edwin Arlington Robinson

Poems by Paul Valery

Writings of Abraham Lincoln

Shelby Foote’s Narrative of the Civil War

Mary Chestnuts Diaries of the Civil War

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Henry David Thoreau

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Journals and Letters of David Livingstone

Autobiography of Mark Twain Volumes I-II

The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy by Jacob Burckhardt

Life of Black Hawk, or Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak

The Letters of Vincent Van Gogh

Theory of Parallels by Nikolai Lobachevsky

“Experiments with Plant Hybridization” by Gregor Mendel

Amy Lowell Poetry

Robert Lowell

John Stuart Mill

Eugene O’Neill

e. e. cummings

Up From Slavery by Booker T. Washington

The Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant

Experience and Education by John Dewey

Thomas Carlyle on the French Revolution

Winston Churchill
The World Crisis
The Second World War
The History of English Speaking Peoples

The Crusade in Europe by Dwight Eisenhower

Science and the Modern World, Introduction to Mathematics by Alfred North Whitehead

The Great War and Modern Memory by Paul Fussell

Bertrand Russell
An Introduction Mathematical Philosophy
The Problems of Philosophy

Scientific Autobiography by Max Planck

The Gospel of Wealth (Essay) by Andrew Carnegie

Sigmund Freud

Jung

The Story of My Life by Helen Keller

Doris Lessing

Grimm’s Fairy Tales

The Souls of Black Folk by W.E.B. DuBois

Albert Einstein
The General Theory of Relativity
The Special Theory of Relativity
The World as I See It
Ideas and Opinions
The Evolution of Physics
Why Socialism?
Essays in Humanism

“Zoological Philosophy” by Jean-Baptiste Lamarcke

The World As Will and Representation by Schopenhauer

Friedrich Nietzsche
The Birth of Tragedy
On Truth and Lies In A Nonmoral Sense
Philosophy in the Tragic Age of the Greeks
Untimely Meditations
Human, All Too Human
The Dawn
The Gay Science
Thus Spake Zarathustra
Beyond Good and Evil
On The Genealogy of Morals
Twilight of the Idols
The Antichrist
Ecce Homo

Martin Heidegger
Being and Time
Introduction to Metaphysics
The Question Concerning Technology

The Philosophical Investigations by Wittgenstein

“The Electron” by Robert Andrews Millikan

“Space and Time by Hermann Minkowski

The Cost of Discipleship by Dietrich Bonhoeffer

Essays by James Watson and Francis Crick

“Evolution and Genetics” by Thomas Morgan

The Phenomenology of Perception by Maurice Merleau-Ponty

“The Crisis of the European Sciences” by Edmund Husserl

Tristes Tropiques by Claude Levi-Strauss

Emile Durkheim
Suicide
The Elementary Forms of Religious Life

The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money by John Maynard Keynes

The Affluent Society by John Kenneth Galbraith

Letter From Birmingham Jail by Martin Luther King jr.

Jean-Paul Sartre
Nausea
No Exit
Being and Nothingness

The Revolt of the Masses by Jose Ortega y Gassett

Albert Camus
The Stranger
The Plague

Ayn Rand
The Fountainhead
Atlas Shrugged
Anthem
The Virtue of Selfishness

Hannah Arendt
The Origins of Totalitarianism
The Human Condition
Eichmann in Jerusalem
On Revolution

The Idea of History by R.G. Collingwood

The Greek Myths by Robert Graves

Les Fleurs de Mal by Charles Baudelaire

The Second Sex by Simone de Beauvoir

Jurgen Habermas

Simone Weil
The Need for Roots
The Notebooks of Simone Weil

Jacques Derrida
Speech and Phenomena
Of Grammatology
Writing and Difference

Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste by Pierre Bourdieu

The Decline of the West by Oswald Spengler

Ideas Have Consequences by Richard Weaver

“Art” by Eduoard Manet

Essays by Marcel Duchamps

C.S. Lewis
The Screwtape Letters
The Problem of Pain
Mere Christianity
The Case for Christianity
The Abolition of Man
The Space Trilogy
The Great Divorce

G.K. Chesterton
The Man Who Was Thursday
Orthodoxy
The Everlasting Man

T.S. Eliot

Ezra Pound’s Cantos

Wallace Stevens

William Carlos Williams

Robert Frost

Edna St. Vincent Millay

W.H. Auden

Theodore Roethke

Elizabeth Bishop

Marianne Moore

Atomic Theory by Niels Bohr

“The Structure of the Atom” by Ernest Rutherford

Essays by Joel Sussman

Essays by Walter Sutton

“Cathode Rays” by J.J. Thompson

Physics and Philosophy by Heisenberg

What Is Life? & “Four Lectures of Wave Mechanics” by Schrodinger

Russel Kirk
The Conservative Mind
The Roots of American Order

William F. Buckley
God and Man at Yale
Up From Liberalism

Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman

Susan Sontag
On Photography
Against Interpretation
Illness As Metaphor
Regarding the Pain of Others
Styles of Radical Will
In America

Writings of John Muir

Boy Scouts of America Handbook

The United Nations Charter

The Word of God and the Word of Man by Karl Barthes

Structural Anthropology by Claude Levi-Strauss

Karl Popper
The Poverty of Historicism
The Open Society and Its Enemies

Black Like Me by John Howard Griffin

A Theory of Justice by John Rawls

Economics in One Lesson by Henry Hazlitt

Isaiah Berlin
Against The Current: Essays in the History of Ideas

Mohandes Gandhi

Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank

Thorstein Veblen

The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism by Max Weber

Leo Strauss
The Teaching of Aristotle’s Politics

Allan Bloom

The Road To Serfdom by Friedrich Hayek

Michel Foucault
The Archaeology of Knowledge
Madness and Civilization
Discipline and Punish
The History of Sexuality

A Brief History of Time Stephen Hawking

The Hero With A Thousand Faces by Joseph Campbell

Gilles Deleuze
Capitalism and Schizophrenia: Anti-Oedipus

Richard Feynman
Six Easy Pieces: Essentials of Physics Explained by Its Most Brilliant Teacher

Gwendolyn Brooks

Abraham Lincoln The War Years by Carl Sandburg

Langston Hughes

Flannery O’Connor

The Anxiety of Influence by Harold Bloom

Ways of Seeing by John Berger

Capital by Thomas Picketty

Mary Oliver

Pierre Manent
Metamorphoses of the City
An Intellectual History of Liberalism

Slavoj Zizek
The Sublime Object of Ideology

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